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The knowledge area focuses on the creation of the "Project Charter", the project scope statement and a viable, usable plan. Once the project is started, this knowledge area is used for monitoring and controlling the work. It also covers the area of change management to ensure the awareness of how a change affects all other areas of knowledge.
The project integration management include:
In this knowledge area the project scope is defined, developed and its implementation is ensured. In addition also one of the most important activities of the whole project management topics is done by the creation of the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS).
Briefly the Project Scope Management stands for all related processes which are needed to handle the essential work to build up the project deliverables in order to fulfil and close the project successfully.
The Project Scope management includes:
The Project Time Management describes the processes concerning the timely completion of the project. It's about defining activities, estimating the durations of activities, scheduling activities and ensuring adherence to the schedule. Time management is a crucial part of any successful project. Without careful planning, projects are set up to fail.
The related processes of this knowledge area are:
For Project Cost Management it's essential to know the financial and human resources required for the project. It requires that project managers create a careful budget and adhere to it so that the project result is as much profit as possible. Cost management ties into time management, because in order to ensure that the project is completed on budget, it also has to be completed on time.
This area of knowledge contains four processes:
Quality is the degree to which the project fulfils requirements in terms of ensuring a quality end-product and second ensuring that all of the processes involved during the project lifecycle are carried out efficiently. By managing quality, project managers are able to ensure a successful project and increased customer satisfaction.
The related processes of the Project Quality Management are:
Project Human Resource Management includes the processes that organize, manage and lead the project team. The project team is comprised to the people with assigned roles and responsibilities for completing the project. Besides ensuring that the proper people are working on a project, a professional human resources management also means that everyone is working efficiently and the right people have been scheduled for the tasks they are best adapted for. Therefore this area of knowledge is a key for successful projects.
One of the main targets of this area of knowledge is to provide methods in order to gather store and distribute information. Furthermore monitoring and controlling throughout the complete project lifecycle to ensure that the information needs of the project stakeholders are met is also one of the most important targets.
This area of knowledge contains six processes of conducting risk management. The targets of these processes are to increase the impact and / or probability of opportunities respectively to decrease impact and / or probability to threats in the project.
Procurement Management is the knowledge area involved in purchasing or acquiring products, services or results from outside the project team, including developing and administering the contract or purchase order needed to obtain them.
The four processes are:
The Project Stakeholder Management processes are essential in order to identify the people, groups or organizations that could impact or be impacted by the project, analyse stakeholder expectations and their impact on the project and finally develop appropriate management strategies for effectively engaging stakeholders in project decision and exectuion.
Mentioned processes are: